Fetal Bovine Serum and the Slaughter of Pregnant Cows: Animal Welfare and Ethics
by Ole Bødtker Nielsen and Percy W. Hawkes
Volume 18, Open Access (January 2019)
This article examines two interrelated animal welfare topics: the transportation of pregnant cattle, and the collection of fetal bovine serum (FBS). The occurrence of pregnant cattle at slaughter is unavoidable because of health, management, and economic reasons, or because farmers may be unaware of their pregnancy status.